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Conservation And Preservation Of Stained Glass Nationwide
After Stained Glass Restoration/Relead of St. Cecilia, Grand Rapids Basilica of Saint Adalbert After Stained Glass Restoration/Relead of a petal of the rose window, Grand Rapids Basilica of Saint Adalbert After Stained Glass Restoration/Relead of The Immaculate, Grand Rapids Basilica of Saint Adalbert

Basilica of Saint Adalbert - Grand Rapids, MI

Restoration/Relead, and Exterior Wood Consolidation Restoration - 43 Stained Glass Windows

168'' Rose Window
168'' Lay Light
Two Transept Windows (72'' x 234'')
Five Apse Windows (40'' x 168'') all being figural windows
A total of forty three stained glass windows (consisting of 2000 sq. ft. of releading), including decorative windows.

The stained glass windows were designed by A. Artmaier and supplied by a Chicago firm that employed craftsmen trained in Munich, Germany. Mr. Edmund Verlinder designed the original altar, pulpit, baptismal font, confessionals, and communion rail.

The use of stained glass windows was important in the early medieval Church because the vast majority of people were illiterate. Early Church fathers realized that by the use of pictorial depictions the faithful could "read" important Biblical themes and events in the Church history.

At St. Adalbert's the windows present a treasury of religious themes. Along the south wall of the church are, in order from the main entrance, "The Baptism of Christ", "Christ's Charge to St. Peter", "The Good Shepherd", and "The Apparition of the Sacred Heart". On the north wall are "Christ in the Workshop", "St. Anne with the Virgin Mary", "Christ Knocking at the Door", and "St. Dominic Receiving the Rosary". On the south transept wall, in the series of three windows, appear depictions of "The Annunciation", "The Nativity", and "Christ in the Temple". The north transept features "Christ in the Garden", "The Crucifixion", and "The Resurrection". In the apse of the church are five windows depicting "St. Hyacinth", "St. Casimir", "St. Adalbert", "St. Stanislaus Kostka", and "St. Elizabeth". In addition, there are two small round windows over the side altars: on the south wall appears "The Sorrowful Mother" and on the north is "Behold the Man!" Another admirable piece of cut glass is "The Immaculate Conception", copied from the Bartolome Murillo painting, on the oculus of the interior dome. This window looks small from 74' below, but it is actually 16' in diameter and weighs 700 pounds. Finally, the lovely roseate window above the choir loft is a portrayal of St. Cecilia, the patron saint of music.

Construction of the Basilica of St. Adalbert began in 1907 and was consecrated in 1913.

The building is constructed primarily of limestone imported from Sandusky, Ohio, with Indiana Bedford limestone trim. Its sturdiness is evidenced by the fact that today, sixty-eight years later, it has no cracks in the foundation or the structure.

The angels facing the four points of the compass and surrounding the central dome were, like the trim, sculpted from Bedford lime­ stone on the spot by the highly regarded Gondola Brothers Company of Cleveland. Each statue, standing eleven feet tall and weighing six tons, represents the Angel Gabriel holding a long trumpet in his hand.

The stained glass windows were designed by A. Artmaier and supplied by a Chicago firm that employed craftsmen trained in Munich, Germany. Mr. Edmund Verlinder designed the original altar, pulpit, baptismal font, confessionals, and communion rail.

The American Seating Company made the pews, and all the statuary of the old church was refinished by N. G. Serafini, an artist from Europe who came here to do the work.

Originally the church contained thousands of lights forming trace work around the dome, the ribs of the vauting, the central and lower arches, and above the altar. Over the years they would be lit on special occasions, including Christmas Eve Masses, special novenas, and the weddings of member s of the Young Ladies' Sodalicy. The original sanctuary floor , wainscoting, Steps to the altar, and communion rail were made of wood. They would later be changed to marble during Msgr. Maksymowski's tenure.

Preservation Consultant - Femenella and Associates

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